7 Top Religious Sites & Cities In IRAN
Most of Islam’s sacred sites are in the Middle East, Mainly in Saudia Arabia, Iran & Iraq. Some of these certain places which are essential in Islamic history are in Iran. Iran has a plethora of holy places and shrines that religious people from around the world want to see these special spiritual significances. In this post, we talk more about 7 top religious cities and sites, that helps you plan your religious Iran travel itinerary.
1. Religious sites in Mashhad
Located in North East Iran, Razavi Khorasan Province, also called the holy city of Iran, is the second most populous city in Iran. Mashhad was named as the cultural capital of the Islamic world in 2017. Due to its unique tourist attractions for the tourists, each year, several million people visit Mashhad. The majority of visitors are religious travelers, therefore, it has been made as the first and foremost home of Iran’s pilgrimage tourism city. Mashhad hosts the tomb and shrine to the eighth Shia Muslims, Imam Reza. Imam Reza was buried in Razavi Khorasan, Mashhad, which every year millions of people visit the Imam Reza Shrine. The Imam Reza Shrine is the largest Mosque in the world by dimension and size. There are three religious sites in Mashhad which are Imam Reza Holy Shrine, Goharshad Mosque, and Khaje Aba Salt Shrine. Goharshad Mosque is one of the famous mosques in Iran it is a sample of Iranian art and traditional architecture. This mosque was built by the wife of Shah Rukh of the Timurid dynasty. This mosque has eight yards one of them named “Maghsure lawn” is the most glorious yard. In the Maghsure lwan’s walls, there are great inscriptions which have been built by Goharshad’s Son. On the walls, you can see the structure date of the mosque. Khaje Aba salt Shrine the third religious site in Mashhad is the tomb of Abasalt Haravi, a disciple of Imam Reza. You could enter this shrine from four different doors to see the various decoration of the shrine with seven-colored tiles.
2. Religious sites in Qom
Ghom (Qom), the capital of Qom Province, is the seventh most populous city in Iran inhabited by more than 1 million people is considered holy since it hosts the Holy shrine of Masuma-e-Qom, Fatimah Bint Musa, the sister to the eighth Shia Muslims Imam, in Mashhad. Qom is one of the fastest growing cities in Iran, the population has doubled since the revolution in Iran. Qom is also famous for its many prestigious Islamic schools for Shia Islam. Other sites in the city frequented by Pilgrims visits include Bait-un-Noor, where Masuma-e-Qom passed away and Ayatollah Marashi library which houses ancient Islamic Manuscripts and works. Chehel-E- Akhtataraan is another site in Qom where forty Imamzadas have been buried here. The last touristic site in Qom is Bibi Shakeesa Tomb, a lady who devoted herself to serve the holy Imam.
3. Religious sites in Shiraz
Shiraz, located in the southwest of Iran “Roodkhane khoshk” (Dry River) and Northwest of Kerman, Is capital of Fars province, is the fifth most populous city in Iran with 2 million inhabitants. Shiraz is one of the most cultural and political cities in Iran. As a result, it is the home of religious sites. The five most beautiful religious sites in Shiraz are Nasir ol-Molk Mosque, Atigh Jame Mosque, Imamzadeh-ye Ali Ebn-e Hamze, Shah-e Cheragh Mausoleum, and Armenian Church. Nasil ol-Molk Mosque is known as the Pink Mosque, which this color is a mixture of Stained-glass windows, colorful tiles, and carpeted floors. Atigh Jame Mosque is known as Friday mosque, attracts many visitors each year. It has a large courtyard with a central cubic structure. Imamzadeh-ye Ali Ebn-e Hamze is the tomb of the Shah Cheragh’s nephew Emir Ali who also died here while helping Imam Reza. Shah-e Cheragh Mausoleum is the tomb of sons of Musa al-Kadhim (Ahmad and Muhammad). Shiraz has the most religious sites in Iran.
4. Religious sites in Yazd
Yazd, located in the middle of the country, 270km southeast of Esfahan, is the fifteenth largest city in Iran with more than 1 million inhabitants, is close to Silkroad. The top holy places for Zoroastrians are near Yazd, Ardakan (60 kilometers away from Yazd), and Mehriz, which hundreds of Zoroastrians from different parts of the world every year visit these holy places. Yazd is the birthplace for Zoroastrian religion and is known for its religious conservation.
The Nine most beautiful sights and landmarks in Yazd Province are Old Town, Jameh Mosque, Towers of Silence, Amir Chakhmagh, Zoroastrian Fire Temple, Hazireh Mosque, and Seyed Rokn Addin Mausoleum. The Old Town is known for yellow-brown mud-brick buildings which show the dryness of the city. The Jameh Mosque is the first built under Ala’oddoleh Garshasb of the Al-e Bouyeh dynasty. The Jame Mosque is the sample of Islamic architecture with its blue-mosaic tile work. Towers of Silence is known for the dead bodies of Zoroastrians that were left in the towers. The Amir Chakhmagh is one of the largest hosseiniehs in Iran and is used in the commemorative ceremonies for Imam Hossein’s death. Zoroastrian Fire Temple is the first Zoroastrians temple which they made fire and performed their religious ceremonies in this temple. Another famous Mausoleum in Yazd which is famous for its dome is called, Seyed Rokn Addin has the widest beautiful dome in Iran. The glorious blue-tiled dome of the tomb of Seyed Rokn Addin is visible from any elevated point in Yazd.
5. Religious sites in Isfahan
Isfahan, located in the center of Iran, 406 kilometers south of Tehran, is the third most populous city in Iran after Tehran and Mashhad with more than 2 million population, also a holy place in Iran. Its fame is mostly due to the Persian architecture, covered bridges, palaces, tiled mosques, minarets, and grand boulevards. It also has so many historic buildings, artifacts, and monuments. There are so many religious places in Isfahan which hundreds of people from different parts of the world visit these places every year. Naqshe Jahan Square (Shah Square) is known for Meidan Emam, located in the center of Isfahan. It is also one of the famous historical sites in Iran. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is known it is one of the architectural masterpieces of Iran which was built during the Safavid Empire. Shah Mosque stands in the eastern part of Naqsh-e Jahan Square which is located in the center of Isfahan. Jameh Mosque is one of the oldest mosques in Isfahan, and it is also one of the grand and congregation mosques of Isfahan. Royal Mosque (Masjid-I-Shah) is also one of the masterpieces of Persian architecture. This mosque is located on the south side of Naghsh- e Jahan Square. Atashgah- Zoroastrian Fire is another religious Temple in Isfahan. It is located on a hill about eight kilometers west of the city center of Isfahan. Atashgah was inspired by the Zoroastrianism, which was the main religion of the two great dynasties of ancient Persia, the Achaemenids, and Sassanids. Hakim Mosque is another old mosque in Isfahan which it is named after Mohammad-Davud Khan Hakim.
6. Religious sites in Tehran
Tehran, the capital city of Iran, one of the largest and popular cities located in north central Iran. Tehran has so many historical and religious places. The seven most beautiful religious sites in Tehran are Imamzadeh Saleh, Mosalla Mosque Complex, Shah Abdul Azim Shrine, Zoroastrian Ateshkadeh, St Sarkis Cathedral, and Zurkhaneh-ye Ayatollah Taleghani. Imamzadeh Saleh is located in northern Tajrish, sites of Imamzadeh Saleh, son of Musa al-khadhim, was someday the resting place of Saleh. Mosalla Mosque Complex is a place of striking manifestation of the republic’s program. Shah Abdul Azim Shrine is located in Shahr-e Rey, South of Tehran, and An important political center before the rise of Tehran. In Zoroastrian Ateshkadeh center they burned an eternal flame, which it never is allowed to go out.
The Zurkhanehs (or “The exclusively male practitioners stand in a circular pit wearing a traditional uniform and perform a series of esoteric movements whilst swinging heavy clubs. Simultaneously, Sufi chants are recited and drums are rhythmically beaten. The routine demonstrates a compelling blend of rhythm, endurance, and creative flourish, and is often (though not always) open for public view. Zurkhaneh Ayatollah Taleghani is one of Tehran’s best-known venues. In this zurkhaneh (”houses of strength”) men’s do performative practice, steeped in Shi’ite mysticism.
7. Religious sites ChakChak
Chak Chak is a small village in central Iran which is in Rabatat, Kharanaq district of the county Ardakan, 52KM to the desert province of Yazd, the village hosts sacred mountain shrines of Zoroastrianism, one of the oldest religions of monotheistic faith. Chak Chak is one of the holiest places for the followers of Zoroastrian religion. Due to its importance and high value, there are special days in the year that they attend in this city. To Zoroastrians, this holy place is visited by pilgrims every 14th to 18th June. Zoroastrianism was the state religion of the Persian Empire 600 BCE to 650 BCE. In their belief, Nikbanou, last princess of pre-Islamic Persian Ruler Yazdegerd III, after been invaded by Arabians, Nikbanou prayed to Ahura Mazda (Mighty Lord) the Creator Sole God of Zoroastrianism, to protect her from the invaders. The Lord answered and a miraculous mountain, now the shrine, appeared and covered her. Chak Chak means “drip drip” which is tears that Nikbanou sheds inside the mountain upon losing her family and home. Chak Chak is lowly populated, but tourists frequently visit it due to the holy sites and temples present.