Iran is home to one of the world’s oldest continuous major civilizations, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 4000 BC and the Iranian civilization predates the Egyptian one by 500 years, the Indian one by 1,000 years, the Chinese one by 2,000 years, the Greek one by 3,000 years and the Roman one by 4,000 years.
The Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BC), founded by Cyrus the Great united all the known nations of the world under the reign of the largest empire of the time.
Locating at the center of middle east, Persia witnessed rise and fall of many civilization around.
In 637 AD Islam was brought to Persia. The population gradually adopted the religion and by the 11th century the majority of the nation was practicing Islam. Although Islam found its way to Iran by sword but it is amazing how Iranians accepted its message by heart. Despite adopting the religion of the conquerors, Persian culture, style and art was largely preserved but influenced and integrated from Islam, which led to the ‘Islamic Golden Age’ – a time where Persian literature, philosophy, science and art blossomed (750-1258).
In 1219 Mongols invasion of Iran brought a devastating loss of culture due to the massacre of figures, demolition of mosques, libraries, famine and violence. By the onset of Safavid Dynasty (1502-1736), Persia began to restore the strength and memory after long time and the modern nation-state of Iran was established.
by the beginning of 20th century, Iran was struggling with famine and poverty and incompetent rulers . The discovery of oil in 1908 changed Iran’s faith. This discovery also increased interest from other nations wishing to capitalize on this precious commodity. Iran endured many changes in leadership due to invasions and coups during the 1940s, 50s and 60s, leading to the Iranian Islamic Revolution. US has admitted its role in the organized coup to removes Prime Minister Mosaddeq who nationalized the British-owned oil industry. In 1978, the Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution) led by Ayatollah-Khomeini ended the 2500 year old monarchy and gave birth to Islamic republic. Iran endured the imposed Iran-Iraq war, which last for 8 years between 1980 and 1988. The Iraqi use of chemical warfare during this time caused international fury and lead to the deaths of many of Iran’s people. In 2014, Iran reached an agreement with six world powers about its nuclear program. Iran today, with a growing economy boosted from lifting sanctions and with youth population is looking forward to the better future through communicating with world.